There are approximately sixty-five million displaced people around the world today, with twenty-five million of those living as refugees. For context, this level of forced displacement has not been witnessed since the end of the Second World War. Seeking International Protection (IP) is a fundamental human right, and each signatory of the 1951 Geneva Convention on the Protection of Refugees must assess any application for IP sought within their sovereign territory. There were 400,000 applications for IP in Europe in 2020, with the majority of refugees fleeing war-torn regions in the Middle East and Africa. This level of displacement is only set to rise in future years due to the impacts of climate change, geopolitical instability and other rights abuses. For these reasons there is a need to assess how Europe treats those seeking IP within its borders.
Violation of women’s rights during childbirth in facility settings/equal access to high quality health care
International human rights standards require states to guarantee women’s access to quality care throughout pregnancy. Human rights mechanisms have also clarified that states must ensure adequate standards of care and respect for women’s rights, dignity and autonomy during childbirth and in maternal health care settings.